Today is the Feast of St Joseph

Today is the Feast of St Joseph

Saint Bernadine of Siena tells us in the Liturgy of the Hours, ” There is a general rule concerning all special graces granted to human being. Whenever the divine favor chooses someone to receive a special grace, or to accept a lofty vocation. God adorns the person chosen with all the gifts of the Spirit needed to fulfill the task at hand. This general rule is especially verified in the case of Saint Joseph, the foster-father of our Lord and the husband of the Queen of our world, enthroned above the angels. He was chosen by the eternal Father as the trustworthy guardian and protector of his greatest treasure, namely, his divine Son and Mary, Joseph’s wife. He carried out this vocation with complete fidelity until at last God called him, saying: Good and faithful servant, enter into the joy of your Lord.”

We read in scripture, “And He gave some as apostles, and some as prophets, and some as evangelists, and some as pastors and teachers, for the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ; until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a mature man, to the measure of the stature which belongs to the fullness of Christ.…(Eph 4:12)

When God calls someone to a mission in the Church. He equips them with the gifts necessary to fulfill that mission. Saint Joseph is a perfect example of this truth. What is true is the life of Saint Joseph is also true with you and me. However, it is also true that we need to ask the Holy Spirit again and again for the gifts that are needed. If we ask in faith. God will never fail to give us the gifts that are needed to fulfill our mission in the Church.

Thought for the day: if you are married, single or a priest. Whatever, vocation you have. Ask the Holy Spirit to pour out his gifts upon you so that you can fulfill your vocation in the Church in a more perfect way.

An Image that came to me in prayer this Morning “Mary Womb and Born Anew”

An Image that came to me in prayer this Morning “Mary Womb and Born Anew”

Jesus says to today in the Gospel “I solemnly assure you no one can enter into God’s Kingdom without being begotten of water and the Spirit” We are to ask the Holy Spirit to be enter into the Womb of Mary. A womb that formed the Pure Flesh of Jesus and us the Eucharistic Flesh of Our Lord.’ The Water Blood and the Fire of the Holy Spirit heal and form us in the Womb of Mary. The Fire of God Love cleanses our Flesh.

The Mountain of Calvary. Mary takes us to the Top of the Highest Mountains. Mary takes us to the tip of the Earth. And there she holds us. Mary spreads out her wings and embrace us at the top of the Highest Mountain with her wings of the Holy Spirit Spirit feeding us with the Milk of the Holy Spirit.

Imagine Today in prayer and ask the Holy Spirit to bring you into the womb of Mary.
Allow Mary to take you to the top of the Highest Mountain. For me today in prayer it was Mountain Everest. And see Mary spreading out her Dove Like Wings of the Holy Spirit and holding you safely at the Top of the Highest Mountain.

St Augustine Homily for Divine Mercy Sunday in Liturgy of the Hours

St Augustine Homily for Divine Mercy Sunday in Liturgy of the Hours

St Augustine says, “I speak to you who have just been reborn in baptism, my little children in Christ, you who are the new off-spring of the Church gift of the Father, proof of Mother Church fruitfulness. All of you who stand fast in the Lord are a holy seed, a new colony of bees, the very flower of our ministry and fruit of our toil, my joy and my crown…You have all been clothed with Christ by your baptism in him… Such is is the power of this sacrament: it is the sacrament of new life which begins here and now with the forgiveness of all past sins, and will be brought to completion in the resurrection of the dead.”

Divine Mercy Sunday reminds of our our Baptism. Jesus gives us today the grace of new life. We are given a taste of the new life that we will experience in it fullness in heaven.

St Augustine says, “This is the octave of your new birth. Today is fulfilled in you the sign of faith that was prefigured in the Old Testament by the circumcision of the flesh on the eight day after birth…By his resurrection he consecrated Sunday, or the Lord’s day. Though the third after his passion, this day is the eighth after the Sabbath, and thus the also the first day of the week.”

John Paul II said, “Love is the flower mercy is the blossom. Divine Mercy Sunday is last day of Easter Sunday. On Easter Sunday Jesus rose from the dead. The fruit of the resurrection is mercy and the forgiveness of sins. When St Augustine says it is the first day of the week he is saying the old week is over, we are now in the first day of new week which is Heaven. Today is the first day of Heaven. St Augustine says, “And so your own hope of resurrection, though not yet realized, is sure and certain because you have received the sacrament or sign of this reality, and thus have been given the pledge of the Spirit.”

Mercy is the greatest attribute of God,

Divine Mercy, gushing forth from the bosom of the Father, I  trust in You

Divine Mercy, greatest attribute of God, I trust in You.

Divine Mercy, unfathomed by any intellect, human or angelic, I trust in you.

We are most like God when we are merciful. Even in Heaven we will never fully understand the Mercy of God. His Mercy is boundless. It is a ocean of Mercy. Even the greatest of sins is only a drop in the ocean of God’s Mercy.

Jesus I trust in You

Divine Mercy Sunday Grace of a Second Baptism

Divine Mercy Sunday Grace of a Second Baptism

I have always had a love for divine mercy Sunday. Maybe it is my Polish heritage. Maybe it the fact that my priest friend was the miracle that the Vatican used for the canonization of Saint Faustina. I remember hearing the priest, who was the advocate for saint Faustina, saying that the grace of divine mercy Sunday was the grace of a second baptism. Last year I went to where saint Faustina is buried, and there written in the stone it says, ‘The grace of divine mercy Sunday is the grace of a second baptism.’

Q. What extraordinary graces are available on Divine Mercy Sunday?

A. Our Lord revealed to St. Faustina His desire to literally flood us with His graces on that day. He told her: On that day the very depths of My tender mercy are open. The soul that will go to Confession [beforehand] and receive Holy Communion [on that day] shall obtain complete forgiveness of sins and punishment (Diary 699).

The theologian who examined St. Faustina’s writings for the Holy See, Rev. Ignacy Rozycki, explained that this is the promise of a complete renewal of baptismal grace, and in that sense like a “second Baptism” (in much the same way that St. Catherine of Siena called sacramental Confession, undertaken out of true love of God, an “ongoing Baptism”) (The Dialogue, no. 75).

The extraordinary graces promised to the faithful by our Lord Himself through St. Faustina should not be confused with the plenary indulgence granted by Pope John Paul II for the devout observance of the Second Sunday of Easter (Divine Mercy Sunday). The Decree of the Holy See offers:

“A plenary indulgence, granted under the usual conditions (sacramental confession, Eucharistic communion and prayer for the intentions of Supreme Pontiff) to the faithful who, on the Second Sunday of Easter or Divine Mercy Sunday, in any church or chapel, in a spirit that is completely detached from the affection for a sin, even a venial sin, take part in the prayers and devotions held in honour of Divine Mercy, or who, in the presence of the Blessed Sacrament exposed or reserved in the tabernacle, recite the Our Father and the Creed, adding a devout prayer to the merciful Lord Jesus (e.g. Merciful Jesus, I trust in You!)…”

May we receive this great grace given to us on divine mercy Sunday. May we always be merciful in our thoughts, words and actions.

Fr Stefan begins Working Notes for Divine Mercy Sunday ‘Faith of St Thomas’

Fr Stefan begins Working Notes for Divine Mercy Sunday ‘Faith of St Thomas’

Why wasn’t Thomas in the upper room when Jesus appeared?

Fabrice Hadjadj in ‘The Resurrection’ gives some profound insights into Thomas. He writes ‘ So Thomas missed the call of the first apparition in the Upper Room. He spoiled everything. He did not receive the Holy Spirit. And what is worse he does not want to believe what his colleagues tell him, even though their number far exceeds what the law requires for valid testimony. That would be enough to rank him among the unluckiest and most stubborn. But he tries for the gold medal for arrogance to boot. Indeed, he sets such an extreme condition. ‘I won’t believe unless I put my finger into his wounds.’

Thomas is a hothead. Thomas before this event in the upper room in quoted twice in scripture. Both times are about death. ‘The first is when Christ decides to travel to Jerusalem to see his deceased friend Lazarus. Thomas says ‘Let us go, that we may die with him. (Jn 11:16)’ His big question during the last supper. ‘Lord’ he asks ‘we do not know where you are going, how can we know the way?’ To which Jesus replies: ‘I am the Way, and the truth and the Life. (Jn 14 5-6)’

‘And so when the ten Galileans barricade themselves behind the doors. He is strolling around the outside, his neck in plain view, his chest an easy target. He is not afraid, not he: the crucifixion is the last word of the Word. He begs the centurions, the scribes, all the doctors of the law that he runs into’ Thomas is begging them to kill him. While all the other apostles are afraid of dying for Christ. Peter denied our Lord to escape death. Thomas is in plain sight saying ‘Kill Me I am with Him.’ Thomas wants to die with Christ. For Thomas Death is the end. Thomas is not all  that excited and doesn’t even want Jesus to rise from the dead.

When the apostles tell him ‘They have seen the Lord. That takes the cake. He believes in a cross with no Glory.

Thomas gets his wish. Jesus says ‘Put your finger here, and see my hands, and put your hand, and place it in my side, do not be faithless, but believing.’ Thomas wanted Jesus to not be an escape route. Thomas wanted Jesus to fully answer the question of pain and suffering in the world. Thomas would have asked this question to Jesus ‘Jesus if you are so living why do innocent children die?’ When Thomas put his hands in the wounds of Jesus he saw that Jesus truly is the answer to question of ‘Why fo innocent children die.’ But more importantly when Thomas put his finger into the wounds of Jesus. He realizes that Jesus turns transform pain and death into Glory. For Thomas that was a message worth celebrating.

‘The one who tends to the most radical doubt suddenly makes a profession of faith more exalted than any other than you can find in the Gospels. He recognizes the Almighty in the Crucified….He is suddenly more confident than the others, so much so that he was the one who went the farthest to Persia, perhaps China, in any case to southern India.’

‘Thomas was not a man of half measures’

Song of Faith for Easter Vigil

Song of Faith for Easter Vigil

Longer form of the Paschal Proclamation
Exult, let them exult, the hosts of heaven,
exult, the Angel ministers of God exult,
let the trumpet of salvation
sound our mighty King’s triumph!

Be glad, let earth be glad, as glory floods her,
ablaze with light from her eternal King,
let all corners of the earth be glad,
knowing an end to gloom and darkness.

Rejoice, let Mother Church also rejoice,
arrayed with the lightning of his glory,
let this holy building shake with joy,
filled with the mighty voices of the peoples.

(Therefore, dearest friends,
standing in the awesome glory of this holy night,
invoke with me, I ask you,
the mercy of God almighty,
that he who has been pleased to number me,
through unworthy, among the Levites,
may pour into me his light unshadowed,
that I may sing this candle’s perfect praises.)

(V. The Lord be with you.
R. And with your spirit.)

V. Lift up your hearts.
R. We lift them up to the Lord.

V. Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.
R. It is right and just.

It is truly right and just,
with ardent love of mind and heart,
and with devoted service of our voice,
to acclaim our God invisible, the almighty Father,
and Jesus Christ, our Lord, his Son, his Only-Begotten.

Who for our sake paid Adam’s debt to the eternal Father,
and pouring out his own dear Blood
wiped clean the record of our ancient sinfulness.

These them are the feasts of Passover,
in which is slain the Lamb, the one true Lamb,
whose blood anoints the doorposts of believers.

This is the night,
when once you led our forebears, Israel’s children,
from slavery in Egypt
and made them pass dryshod through the Red Sea.

This is the night
that with a pillar of fire
banished the darkness of sin.

This is the night
that even now, throughout the world,
sets Christian believers apart from worldly vices
and from the gloom of sin,
leading them to grace,
and joining them to his holy ones.

This is the night
when Christ broke the prisonbars of death,
and rose victorious from the underworld.

Our birth would have been no gain,
had we not been redeemed.

O wonder of your humble care for us!
O love, O charity beyond all telling,
to ransom a slave you gave away your Son!

O truly necessary sin of Adam,
destroyed completely by the Death of Christ!

O happy fault
that earned so great, so glorious a Redeemer!

O truly blessed night,
worthy alone to know the time and hour
when Christ rose from the underworld!

This is the night
of which it is written:

The night shall be as bright as day,
dazzling is the night for me,
and full of gladness.

The sanctifying power of this night
dispels all wickedness, washed faults away,
restores innocence to the fallen, and joy to mourners,
drivers out hated, fosters concord, and brings down the mighty.

On this, your night of grace, O holy Father,
accept this candle, a solemn offering,
the work of bees and of your servants’ hands,
an evening sacrifice of praise,
the gift from your most holy Church.

But now we know the praises of this pillar,
which glowing fire ignites for God’s honor,
a fire into many flames divided,
yet never dimmed by sharing of its light,
for it is fed by melting wax,
drawn out by mother bees
to build a torch so precious.

O truly blessed night,
when things of heaven are wed to those of earth,
and divine to the human.

Therefore, O Lord,
we pray you that this candle,
hallowed to the honor of your name,
may persevere undimmed,
to overcome the darkness of this night.

Receiving it as a pleasing fragrance,
and let it mingle with the lights of heaven.

May this flame be found still burning
by the Morning Star:
the one Morning Star who never sets,
Christ your Son,
who coming back from death’s dominion
has shed his peaceful light on humankind,
and lives and reigns for ever and ever.
R. Amen.

What beautiful words ‘Holy Spirit let this building shake with Joy”

Father Stefan working on Good Friday Homily ‘Soul Institute’ Working Notes

Father Stefan working on Good Friday Homily ‘Soul Institute’ Working Notes

Cross is Honey from the Rock. The Cross is the Fire of Christ’s Love.

19:25 ‘Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His Mother and His Mother’s sister. Mary the wife of Clopas and Mary M.”

At the Hospital see the Cross Lived Out every day ‘On the Cross of the Hospital Bed lay her husband of 64 years. At the foot of the bed was his wife Ann, their 3 children and 7 grandchildren, with friends also gathered together, as they watched this good and holy man breath his last breath.  (Talk about the beauty of being at the bedside of watching someone you love to God. Also Catholic tradition to pray that we don’t experience an unexpected death.”

Earlier in this Holy Week we read ‘Martha served while Lazarus was among those reclining at table with him. Mary took about a pint of pure nard of expensive perfume and poured it on Jesus’s feet.  and wiped his feet with her hair and the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.’ Jesus said that she was anointed Him for his death.

This is an image of the the anointing that a priest give a someone who is about to die in the hospital. The anointing is so that they can offer themselves as a fragrant sacrifice to God.

Words of St Rose of Lima ‘Our Lord and Savior lifted up his voice and said with incomparable majesty ‘Let all men know that grace comes after tribulation. Let them know that without the burden of affliction it is impossible to reach the height of grace. Let them  that the gift of grace increases as the struggle increases. Let man not stray and be deceived. There is only one true stairway to Paradise and without the cross they can find to other road to climb to Heaven.’

‘Cross is the stairway to Heaven. No other road to climb to Heaven.’

Pope Francis said this about the Cross ‘Nobody come to battle unless he is fully convinced of Victory Beforehand. If we start without confidence we’ve already lost half the battle. Christian triumph is always a cross, yet a cross which is at the same time a victorious banner borne with aggresive tenderness against the assault of evil. The evil spirit of defeatism is brother to the temptation to seperate before it time, the weeds from the wheat. It is the fruit of an anxious and self-centered lack of trust.’

Pope Francis also says ‘It will do us good to stop before the crucifix and look at him and say ‘With you nothing is lost, with you I can always hope.’ The cross gives us Hope.

St Leo the Great says about the cross ‘How marvelous the power of the cross. How great beyond all telling the glory of the passion. Here is the judgement seat of the Lord, the condemnation of the world, the supremacy of Christ crucified.’

St Augustine said about the Cross ‘According he effected a wonderful exchange with us through mutual sharing. We gave him the power to die and he gave us the power to live.’

‘The death of the Lord Jesus Christ should not be a cause of shame for us, rather it ought to be our greatest hope, our greatest glory.’

St Paul said ‘I will glory in nothing except in the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.’

Reflection for Holy Thursday ‘Soul Institute’

Reflection for Holy Thursday ‘Soul Institute’

We will read in the Gospel on Holy Thursday, “Before the feast of Passover, Jesus knew that his hour had come to pass from this world to the Father. He loved his own in the world and he loved them to the end. The devil had already induced Judas, son of Simon the Iscariot, to hand him over.So, during supper, fully aware that the Father had put everything into his power and that he had come from God and was returning to God, he rose from supper and took off his outer garments. He took a towel and tied it around his waist. Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet and dry them with the towel around his waist. He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Master, are you going to wash my feet?”Jesus answered and said to him,“What I am doing, you do not understand now, but you will understand later.” Peter said to him, “You will never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, “Unless I wash you, you will have no inheritance with me.” Simon Peter said to him,  “Master, then not only my feet, but my hands and head as well.” Jesus said to him,  “Whoever has bathed has no need except to have his feet washed, for he is clean all over.” (John 13:1-10)

The thoughts for my homily are from Pope Benedict second book, ‘Jesus of Nazareth.”  I will focus on Jesus words, “You are clean.” Pope Benedict writes purity is not something we can achieve by our own efforts. Purity is a gift of faith. It is faith in Jesus that makes us clean. This is the meaning of this verse, “Peter said to him, “You will never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, “Unless I wash you, you will have no inheritance with me.” Simon Peter said to him,  “Master, then not only my feet, but my hands and head as well.” Jesus said to him,  “Whoever has bathed has no need except to have his feet washed, for he is clean all over.”

Purity is not something we do, it is something that Jesus has to do for us. We have to allow Jesus to wash our feet.  Jesus says, “Whoever has bathed has no need except to have his feet washed, for he is clean all over. Pope Benedict writes, “The complete bath that was taken for granted only only mean Baptism, by which man is immersed into Christ once and for all, acquired his new identity as one who dwells in Christ.” Baptism makes us clean. But the washing of the feet is a symbol of confession. Our feet touch the ground and we have daily need to be washed of those sins. Pope Benedict writes, “This fundamental event, by which we become Christians (Baptism the bath that makes us clean) not through our own doing doing but through the action of the Lord in his Church, cannot be repeated. Yet in the life of Christians- for table fellowship with the Lord- it constantly requires completion: ‘washing of the feet.’”

Peter allowed Jesus to wash his feet. Judas in his heart refused to allow Jesus to wash away the sin in his heart so his sin remained. We read in the Gospel, “One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was lying close to the breast of Jesus: so Simon Peter beckoned to him and said, ‘Tell us who it is of whom he speak.’ So lying thus close to the breast of Jesus, he said to him: ‘Lord, who is it?’ Jesus answered: ‘it is he of whom I shall give this morsel when I have dipped it.’”(John 13:23-26) Judas might have had his feet physically washed by Jesus but he didn’t allow Jesus to wash his heart from sin. Jesus says, “He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.” (Ps 41:9)

Are we like Peter or Judas? Do we have the humility to allow Jesus to wash our feet and hearts from sin? Every time we confess our sins we allow Jesus to wash our feet. We make our hearts a worthy dwelling place for the Lord in the Eucharist.

The Cross Passion Sunday

The Cross Passion Sunday

Some thoughts on the cross. Today we read the whole passion of Jesus. It always catches many people by surprise why the Gospel reading takes 25 minutes.

A young woman was praying to God. She was pleading to God to take her cross away. She felt she was given a much heavier cross than everyone else. She pleading with God for so long that eventually Jesus appeared to her. Jesus full of love said to the young woman, “I have heard your prayer. I will take your cross away from you.”

Immediately she found herself in a huge castle. Jesus said to her, “You may choose from any of the crosses that you find in the castle.” She saw huge crosses, heavy crosses, very light crosses. After she walked through all the halls she eventually found a little room with a very very small cross in the corner. In fact, this cross was the smallest of all the crosses in the castle. The young woman said to Jesus, “I want this cross.” Jesus with love in his eyes said to the young woman, “My Beloved that is the cross that I took from you.”

St Catherine of Siena said that the cross is a bridge from earth to heaven. The cross needs to be big and long enough to cross the chasm from earth to Heaven. Know that Jesus has made your cross just the right side so that you can cross safely from earth to heaven.

Saint John of the Cross and Charisms ‘Soul Institute’

Saint John of the Cross and Charisms ‘Soul Institute’

Ralph Martin writes, “There seems to be a wide-spread impression that the contemplative and the charismatic are contradictory, not complementary, and that John of the Cross condemns the exercise of the charismatic gifts.”

Ralph Martin writes, “One of St John of the Cross very important contribution is his laser-like insights into how even the most spiritual experiences can function as obstacles to union with God, if we seek them or cling to them. John acknowledges that God given these experience for various reasons, including our human weakness, but encourages us not to cling to them, but to allow the grace of them to effect deeper faith, hope and love in our lives…While not intending to write a balanced and comprehensive positive theology of the charismatic working of the Spirit for the sake of others John does deal with them in the Ascent III, chapters 30-32. In this Book of the Ascent John is dealing with how the will can become attached to genuine goods in a way that blocks progress to union with God. In these particular chapters he’s dealing with the reality of supernatural goods and the how the will can become attached to them, the fifth of the six classes of goods he discusses. So even though his purpose in writing is to focus on the possible dangers he does assume the reality and usefulness of the charismatic gifts of the Spirit (following the Thomistic terminology he calls them gratiae gratis datae) and specifically cites the charismatic gifts of 1 Cor. 12: 9-10 as the type of the working of the Spirit he’ll be discussing. St John of the Cross writes, ‘Examples of these are the gifts of wisdom and knowledge given by God to Solomon (1 Kgs 13:7-12) and the graces St Paul enumerates faith, the grace of healing, working of miracles, prophecy, knowledge and discernment of spirits, interpretation of words, and also the gift of tongues. (1 Cor 12:-10) The exercise of these gifts immediately concern the benefit of others, and God bestows them for that purpose, as St Paul points out: The Spirit is given to no one save for the benefit of others.” (11 Cor 12:7)

Ralph Martin writes, “John brilliantly points out the dangers to the soul of those who exercise these gifts by rejoicing excessively in the merely temporal benefits of such goods. He points out how inordinate attachment it rejoicing in the possession of these gifts can lead very easily to their inappropriate or even inauthentic exercise. As John puts it: ‘People, on account of their joy in the gift not only long to believe in it more readily, but even feel impelled to make use of it outside the proper time.’ (A,III,31,4) John also mentions the obvious temptation to vanity and vain-glory that the immature exercise of these gifts will generate in the heart of those who exercise these gifts for motives other than the glory of God and the good of souls.”

“John points out the importance of exercising these gifts in a way that’s appropriate ‘as time and place.’” St John writes, “It is true that when God bestows these gifts and graces he gives light for them and an impulse as the time and manner of their exercise.” (A,III, 31,2) St Paul writes in I Corinthians, ” What then, brethren? When you come together, each one has a hymn, a lesson, a revelation, a tongue, or an interpretation. Let all be done for edification. If any speaks on a tongue, let there be only two or most three, and each in turn; and let one interpret. But is there is no one to interpret, let leach if them keep silence in church and speak to himself and to God. Let two or three prophets speak, and let the other weigh what in said. If a revelation is made to another sitting by, let the first be silent. For you all can prophecy one by one, so that all may learn and all be encouraged; and the spirits of prophets are subject to prophets. For God is not a God of confusion but of peace.”(I Cor 14:26-33)

St Paul is saying that there is a proper order and use of the gifts of the Holy Spirit. When St Paul says, “The Spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets.” St Paul is saying that when God gives a person a gift of the Holy Spirit. God expects us to use the gifts in accordance with our intellect and prudence.

Ralph Martin writes, “John also points out that in order for the gifts to work properly there needs to be a true detachment from our own ideas and desires about how it all should work and a deep trust in God, a true docility to the moving of His Spirit.” St John of the Cross writes, “Those, then, who have this supernatural gift, should not desire or rejoice in its use, nor should they care about exercising it. God, who grants the grace supernaturally for the usefulness of the Church or its members, will also move the gifted supernaturally as the manner and time in which they should use their gift. Since the Lord commanded his disciples not be anxious about what or how to speak. Since the Lord commanded his disciples not be anxious about what or how to speak, because the matter was supernatural one of faith, and since these works are also a supernatural matter he will want these individuals to wait until he becomes the worker. by moving their heart. (Mt 10:19, Mk 13:11) For it is by the power of God that every other power should be exercised. In the Acts of the Apostles the disciples beseeched him in prayer to extend his hand to work signs and wonders and cures through them, so faith in our Lord Jesus Christ would be introduced into hearts. (Acts 4: 29-30) (A, III, 31,7)